15 Types Of Shepherd Dogs Breeds And Their Origin
Shepherd dogs are those dogs who find their jobs like tracking, courier work, assisting CID, and general intelligence. They are also popular as family pets as because of their extreme loyalty to their owner.
If you are looking for the perfect dog breed to protect and provide security to your house then you can consider shepherd dogs. The list of ultimate guides for 15 types of shepherd dog breeds and their origin are given below:
1. Anatolian Shepherd
Anatolian Shepherd is one of the independent, powerful dogs. They are short, dense coats and with road-heavy heads. They have dense coats to protect them against extreme weather conditions and are found in color, with or without distinctive black masks.
The Anatolian shepherd, also known as the faithful Guardian, is a breed that originated in the Anatolia region of Turkey. The Anatolian Shepherd Dog meets the description of a dog found on artifacts from Anatolia that date back to the year 2000 B.C. The biblical book of Job, which takes place in Turkey and dates back to the year 1800 B.C., includes a description of huge dogs that lived amid the flocks of sheep.
2. German Shepherd
German breeds are the most popular breed around the world. They are large, agile, and very smart dogs which makes them outstanding working dogs. The breed typically stands at 26 inches at the shoulder and has a sport double coat.
The German breed came into existence in the late 1800s by crossing various herding breeds. They are the most known breed for military purposes as those who helped the army during World War II. They also work for seeing eye work to K9 unit.
3. Australian Shepherd Dog
The Australian shepherd is one of the popular herding dogs that is liked by American cowboys and is common in rodeo shows. They are also known as Aussies which are medium in length and have the thickest coat around the neck. Also available in different variety of colors which makes them look different from other shepherds.
They are supposed to have originated from the Basque region of Spain. The Australian shepherd was registered by the American Kennel Club in 1993 which made them a relatively new breed to appear in popularity. Moreover, it is also believed that the breed was solely developed in the United States and that it was a European breed that was perfected in California.
4. Belgian Shepherd Dog
The Belgian dog is also popular for their different varieties like the Belgian sheepdog, Belgian Malinois, Groenendael, and Chine de Berger. The name of these four Belgian shepherd dogs came after the name of Belgian villages. The features of these breeds are, stand from 22 to 24 inches and typically have rich, black coats.
Moreover, they originated as the first breed in the 1880s when they were popular with their name continental shepherd. They were descended from the common type of herding dog who are similar to western breeds like Bouvier, Dutch, and German Shepherd.
5. Dutch Shepherd
Dutch shepherd is one of the herding dog used by shepherds and farmers as they were able to adapt to a harsh and meager existence. Talking about the traits of the dog, it stands about 22 to 24 inches and weighs 30 to 40 kg. The basic color is golden or silver with a life span of 8-15 years.
The dogs originated from the Netherlands, but the breed is often confused with German shepherds as they have similar characteristics and traits. They are supposed to be the breed that owners can easily train and make them great family pets in an active home.
6. Border Collie
Border Collie is widely known for its smartness. The dogs are featured with long-haired coats, with black, white red, and tricolor border collies. They are standing at about 20 inches high and have been herding for around 300 years.
The origin of these breeds is from the lowland and border countries of England and Scotland from the 1700s. Some of the border collies also participated in a historical trial that tested dog abilities which made them registered officially as a breed in 1995 by the American Kennel Club.
7. Miniature American Shepherd
The miniature American shepherd is a small dog, with a standing height of 14-18 inches for males and 13-17 inches for females. They have colours like black, blue, red merle and red liver. You can also found some miniature dog with tan markings around the eyes and face area, as well as on the feet and chest area.
These shepherd was first developed in late 1960 and was to be the small Australian shepherd. The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2015 as the 186th breed.
8. Shetland Sheepdog
Shetland sheepdogs are famous breed as they are supposed to be friendly dogs who are good at playing with kids. They are very energetic and agile in sports and obedience. Talking about the features of this breed they are small, double-coated working dogs with blue eyes or brown eyes.
Moreover, the origin of these breeds came after some crossing breeds. They were brought to the shetlan island where they were breed to be smaller and fluffier. The official registration Shetlie was bred by the American Kennel Club in 1911. As by their name you may connect, they originated from Shetland island form another coast of Scotland.
Most people don’t count corgis as shepherds due to their height but they are the headers of the hearts. They have with standing height of 27-32 cm and weigh around 14 to 17 kg. The life span of this breed is usually 12 years.
They are originated from Wales and recognized by two separate breeds that is Pembroke Welsh corgi and the cardigan Welsh corgi. Historically, they are been attributed to the influx of dogs alongside Flemish weavers around the 14th century, while cardigans are attributed to Norse settlers.
The breed is French with featured traits of 62-68 cm height, a slightly wavy goat-like coat, solid black color, or overlaid with black. Additionally, it has characteristics that are distinguished by the presence of two dewclaws on each of the hind legs; according to the breed standard, having only one dewclaw or none at all is a fatal flaw that disqualifies the dog from competition.
Historically, Briards are the French breed that was used traditionally for herding sheep and to defend them. It came into existence during the first show held in Paris in 1863 a registered in the Livre des Francoise book.
11. Old English Sheepdog
Old English sheepdog is mostly in popularity due to their recognizable shaggy coat hair that often covers their eyes. They are a fun-loving, friendly dog who loves to spend their time with kids and family. They are adjustable well in home and apartment life.
From many sources and research it is found that old English sheepdogs originated from southwestern England. Their genetics have also been traced from other parts of the country like European and Russian strains. It came in the 1880s to 1990s and became a show breed for wealthy families.
12. Chow Chow
The Chow Chow is a breed of dog that belongs to the Spitz family and has its roots in northern China. The Chow Chow is a sturdy dog that has a square profile, a large cranium, and short ears that are triangular and stand erect. The tips of the ears have rounded corners. The breed is famous for its extremely dense double coat, which can either have a smooth or a rough texture.
According to the findings of demographic research, Chow Chows descended from the indigenous Chinese dog approximately 8,300 years ago. There was not much of a genetic bottleneck that led to the development of Chow Chows, and the rate of genetic migration between Chow Chows and other groups is modest.
13. Bergamasco Sheepdog
The Bergamasco sheepdog is a robotic and rustic dog of medium size. The standing height is from 58 to 62 cm with a weight of 32-38kg. Breed is characterized by the long thick coat that covers every part of the dog.
From the historical point and evidence, it is found that a dog of this type was exhibited for the first time in Italy. That is the reason, they are from Italy and have done their first registration in the Libro Origin along with Publishing a national stud book for dogs in 1891.
Talking about the puli's breed, they are fully pigmented with blue or black color coats. The breed is featured with 16.5 inches for females and 17 inches for males, weight up to 23-25 pounds for females, and slighter larger for males.
The breed originated from an ancient Hungarian breed with an Asiatic origin. They are also assumed to be descendants of the Tibetan Terrier. The most Tibetan breed resesble as a friendly dog which was first brought to Hungry in 900 CE.
15. Caucasian Shephard
The Caucasian shepherd is popular for its heavy weight and a guard dog. Supposed to be 67-70 cm with a life expectancy of 10 to 11 years. They are used to serve as guard dogs and bear-hunting dogs. They are popularly known as prison guard dogs who work in Russia.
From different research, it is found that the Caucasian Shepherd Dog or Ovcgarka breed is known for being large livestock guardian dogs that were native to the countries of the Caucasus region during 1920.