List Of Native American Tribes That No Longer Exist
Native American Tribes that no longer exist include the Accokeek, Apalachee, Bidai, and more. Native American Tribes are known as Indigenous peoples of the mainland US.
Today, there are 574 federally recognized tribes but half of them are associated with Indian Reservation. The Indigenous people of the United States are mainly made up of two groups American Indians and Arctic peoples.
In the 1800s, the native people were forcibly removed from their lands and sent to Indian Territory. Many indigenous people lost their lives to disease, malnutrition, and exposure during the forced displacements.
In the 1920s, the Native people were granted American citizenship. Today's Native American groups are independent and sovereign within their territory.
Native American Heritage Month is celebrated in November every year. The celebration helps us to understand and appreciate the rich and diverse culture, traditions, and hardships of the tribes.
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Extinct Native American Tribes From A-Z
Native American tribes A-Z that no longer exist in today's world are listed below.
1. Accokeek Tribe
Accokeek Tribe lived in Southern Maryland during the English colonization.
2. Accomac People
The Accomac People resided in the Northampton and Accomack counties in Virginia.
3. Androscoggin People
Androscoggin people were from the present-day U.S. states of Maine and New Hampshire. The Androscoggin tribe was part o King Phillips's war. By the 18th century, Androscoggin people got mixed with the neighboring tribes.
Annamessex came from the Eastern Shore of Marylands.
The Apalachee tribe was from the Southeastern Woodlands. The tribe spoke the Muskogean language which went extinct during the 18th century.
They were the tribe of Virginia Indians residing in the lower Appomattox River. The Appomattoc people communicated in the Algonquian language.
7. Assateague People
The Assateague people resided on the Atlantic coast side of the Delmarva Peninsula. Their culture was based on the forest resources of Chincoteague Bay and maritime.
Awaswas were the indigenous people of California in North America. They were also known as Santa Cruz People.
The tribe was from eastern Texas.
The tribe was built from the archaic people of the Everglades region. They belonged to the Caloosahatchee culture.
Canarsee tribe people lived in the westernmost end of Long Island. They were combined with other Long Island bands into a group known as Metoac.
Chaptico inhabited the southern shore of Chesapeake Bay. They spoke the Algonquian language.
People from the Chisca were present in several parts of the country such as in Spanish Florida, and southwestern Virginia. They spoke the Yuchi language.
14. Choptank People
Choptank people inhabited the Eastern Shore of Maryland on the Delmarva Peninsula. They spoke the Nanticoke language.
Chowanoke historically lived in the coastal area of the upper south of the US.
Deasose had associated with other tribes such as Bidai, Jumano, and Yojuane. In the 1740s, Deadose along with other groups moved to the San Gabriel River.
17. Doeg People
The Doeg people from Virginia are known to be the part of Algonquian language family.
The existence of the Duostini tribe is known from the records of the expedition of Siuer de la Salle. They lived somewhere around the Gulf of Mexico.
19. Erie People
Erie people historically inhabited the south shore of Lake Erie. The Erie people were extinct as a tribe after the mid-17th century.
20. Escanjaque Indians
Escanjaque Indians resided in the Southern Plains. In 1601, Juan de Oñate encountered the tribe during an expedition to Texas, the Great Plains, and Kansas.
21. Hatteras Indians
Hatteras Indians historically resided in the North Carolina Outer Banks. They spoke an eastern Algonquian language.
They are originally known to be from western Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia. They spoke an Iroquoian language.
Jumanos lived in a large area of New Mexico, northern Mexico, and western Texas. The first record of the tribe is dated back to 1581.
Macapunga tribe was part of the Secotan people. They resided in the Pungo River area.
25. Manso People
Manso people lived near the Rio Grande. Later, they resettled at the Guadalupe Mission.
26. Matapeake People
Matapeake people resided in Kent Island, Maryland during English colonization in 1631.
Mattawoman's existence was recorded in the 17th century by explorer John Smith. They lived on the western shore of Maryland.
Nacotchtank is an extinct tribe that merged with the Piscataway. Nacotchtank village was mainly on fertile land and with rivers nearby in the area today known as Washington D.C.
The tribe lived in the upstream part of the Nashua River. The territory of Nashaway was surrounded by the Pennacook tribe, Massachusett, Nipmuc bands and Pocomtuc.
The tribe historically inhabited the southern banks of the Neuse River. English explorers Arthur Barlowe and Philip Amadas mentioned the tribe during their 1584 expedition.
31. Neutral Nation
Neutral Nation was a tribal union of Iroquoian peoples. The main area of the tribe was in the floodplain of the Grand River.
The tribe's village was located near the Chester River. They were related to the Nanticoke.
Pennacook was a network of culturally and politically associated communities. They were not a united tribe like others.
35. Pocomoke People
The territory of the Pocomoke people was surrounded by the rivers Pocomoke, Little Annemessex, Great Annemessex, and Manokin. The population of Pocomoke people decreased during the 17th and 18th centuries.
They were the indigenous people from the Northeastern Woodlands. The extinct tribe is known to be merged with the Stockbridge Munsee Community and Brotherton Indian Community.
37. Roanoke People
Roanoke people were one of the tribes of Carolina Algonquian. The last chief of the tribe is known to be Wanchese.
The Secotan lived in eastern North Carolina. They lived in the same area until the colonists from the Virginia colony drove them away.
The Sewee tribe lived in the lower course of the Santee River. In 1800, the estimated population of the tribe was 800.
40. Teya People
The Teya people resided in the Southern Plains and it is believed that they spoke Caddoan language. The tribe disappeared after they were encountered by Coronado.
41. Wando People
The Wando people resided near the banks of the Cooper River in South Carolina.
Currently Existing Native American Tribe From A-Z
Here is the list of existing Native American tribes.
The current population of the Apache tribe is estimated to be around 194, 715. Most of the people from the Apache reside on five reservation which is located in Arizona and New Mexico.
2. Alaska Natives
Alaska Natives have indigenous peoples from Alaska that include Yupik, Aluet, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, Tsimshian, and Iñupiat. The Alaska Natives make up to 20% of the population in Alaska.
It is a federally recognized tribe that is located in Oklahoma with an estimated population of 6,300. The people of the tribe speak the Caddo language.
4. Catawba People
The Catawba people currently reside in South Carolina on the Catawba River. In the early days, they were one of the most powerful tribes in the South. The population of the tribe is 3,370 as of 2010.
5. Cayuga People
The villages of the Cayuga people were located in the Cayuga River and the nearby northern shores. Today, the people of Cayuga reside in New York, Oklahoma, and Ontario.
The population of New York is over 12,000, in Oklahoma 5,000, and in Ontario 7,000.
Comanche people were originally from the Southern Plains. Today, they are a federally recognized tribe located in Oklahoma. The population of the Comanche people is 17,000.
The people of the tribe currently live on the Hopi Reservation located in northeastern Arizona. As of 2010, the population of the tribe is 18,237.
The Kiowa people are originally from the Great Plains of the United States but in the 17th and 18th centuries, the tribe moved to Colorado. In 187, they were moved to a reservation in Oklahoma.
The population of the tribe is 12,000 as of 2011.
Today, the Lumbee tribe is centered in several counties of North Carolina such as Hoke, Cumberland, Scotland, and Robeson. The population is estimated to be over 60,000.
Navajo people are from the Southwestern United States. The Navajo Nation is known as the largest federally recognized tribe with over 399, 494 members.
It is also the largest reservation in the country.
11. Osage Nation
Osage Nation is a Native American tribe from the Great Plains. It was developed around 700 BC in Ohio and Mississippi River valleys. As of 2017, the tribe has a total population of 47, 350.
12. Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma
The people of Pawnee historically resided in northern Kansas and Nebraska but today they live in Oklahoma. The total population of Pawnee Nation is 3,600.
The Seminole people built Florida in the 18th century. Currently, they reside in Florida and Oklahoma and have three federally recognized tribes known as the Seminole Tribe of Florida (4,000 members), the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma (15,572 members), and the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida (400 members).
Native American Tribes According To States And Regions
Here is the list of Native American tribes differentiated by state and region.
A) List Of Native American Tribes By State
- Poarch Band of Creeks
- Inupiat (Northern Eskimos)
- Yuit (Southern Eskimos)
- Athabascans (Interior Indians)
- Southeast Coastal Indians
- Ak-Chin Indian Community
- Cocopah Tribe of Arizona
- Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Arizona
- Havasupai Tribe of the Havasupai Reservation
- Hopi Tribe of Arizona
- Hualapai Indian Tribe of the Hualapai Indian Reservation
- Kaibab Band of Paiute Indians of the Kaibab Indian Reservation
- Pascua Yaqui Tribe of Arizona
- Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community of the Salt River Reservation
- San Juan Southern Paiute Tribe
- Tohono O'odham Nation of Arizona
- Tonto Apache Tribe of Arizona
- White Mountain Apache Tribe of the Fort Apache Reservation
- Yavapai-Apache Nation of the Camp Verde Indian Reservation
- Yavapai-Prescott Tribe of the Yavapai Reservation
- Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians of the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation
- Alturas Indian Rancheria
- Bear River Band of the Rohnerville Rancheria
- Big Lagoon Rancheria
- Big Sandy Rancheria of Mono Indians of California
- Big Valley Band of Pomo Indians of the Big Valley Rancheria
- Bridgeport Paiute Indian Colony of California
- Buena Vista Rancheria of Me-Wuk Indians of California
- Cabazon Band of Cahuilla Indians
- Cahto Indian Tribe of the Laytonville Rancheria
- Dry Creek Rancheria of Pomo Indians of California
- Elk Valley Rancheria
- Fort Bidwell Indian Community of the Fort Bidwell Reservation of California
- Greenville Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California
- Hoopa Valley Tribe
- Ione Band of Miwok Indians of California
- Mechoopda Indian Tribe of Chico Rancheria
- Mooretown Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California
- Northfork Rancheria of Mono Indians of California
- Scotts Valley Band of Pomo Indians of California
- Southern Ute Indian Tribe of the Southern Ute Reservation
- Mashantucket Pequot Tribe of Connecticut
- Mohegan Indian Tribe of Connecticut
- Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida
- Seminole Tribe of Florida
- Coeur D'Alene Tribe
- Kootenai Tribe of Idaho
- Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho
- Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation of Idaho
- Pokagon Band of Potawatomi Indians
- Sac & Fox Tribe of the Mississippi in Iowa
- Kickapoo Tribe of Indians of the Kickapoo Reservation in Kansas
- Prairie Band of Potawatomi Nation
- Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana
- Coushatta Tribe of Louisiana
- Jena Band of Choctaw Indians
- Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of Louisiana
- Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians
- Mi'kmaq Nation
- Passamaquoddy Tribe
- Penobscot Nation
- Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe
- Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah) of Massachusetts
- Bay Mills Indian Community
- Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Chippewa Indians
- Hannahville Indian Community
- Keweenaw Bay Indian Community
- Lac Vieux Desert Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians
- Little River Band of Ottawa Indians
- Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians
- Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi
- Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe of Michigan
- Sault Ste. Marie Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Michigan
- Lower Sioux Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
- Prairie Island Indian Community in the State of Minnesota
- Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians
- Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community of Minnesota
- Upper Sioux Community
- Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians
- Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Indian Reservation
- Blackfeet Tribe of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation of Montana
- Chippewa-Cree Indians of the Rocky Boy's Reservation
- Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Reservation
- Crow Tribe
- Fort Belknap Indian Community of the Fort Belknap Reservation of Montana
- Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana
- Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation
- Omaha Tribe
- Ponca Tribe
- Santee Sioux Nation
- Winnebago Tribe
- Duckwater Shoshone Tribe of the Duckwater Reservation
- Ely Shoshone Tribe
- Las Vegas Tribe of Paiute Indians of the Las Vegas Indian Colony
- Lovelock Paiute Tribe of the Lovelock Indian Colony
- Moapa Band of Paiute Indians of the Moapa River Indian Reservation
- Paiute-Shoshone Tribe of the Fallon Reservation and Colony
- Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of the Pyramid Lake Reservation
- Reno-Sparks Indian Colony
- Summit Lake Paiute Tribe
- Te-Moak Tribe of Western Shoshone Indians of Nevada
- Walker River Paiute Tribe of the Walker River Reservation
- Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada
- Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony & Campbell Ranch
- Yomba Shoshone Tribe of the Yomba Reservation
- Jicarilla Apache Nation
- Mescalero Apache Tribe of the Mescalero Reservation
- Ohkay Owingeh
- Pueblo of Acoma
- Pueblo of Cochiti
- Pueblo of Isleta
- Pueblo of Jemez
- Pueblo of Laguna
- Pueblo of Nambe
- Pueblo of Picuris
- Pueblo of Pojoaque
- Pueblo of San Felipe
- Pueblo of San Ildefonso
- Pueblo of Sandia
- Pueblo of Santa Ana
- Pueblo of Santa Clara
- Pueblo of Santo Domingo
- Pueblo of Taos
- Pueblo of Tesuque
- Pueblo of Zia
- Cayuga Nation of New York
- Oneida Indian Nation
- Onondaga Nation of New York
- Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe
- Seneca Nation of New York
- Shinnecock Nation
- Tonawanda Band of Seneca Indians of New York
- Tuscarora Nation of New York
- Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians
- Spirit Lake Tribe
- Three Affiliated Tribes of the Fort Berthold Reservation
- Absentee-Shawnee Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma
- Alabama-Quassarte Tribal Town
- Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
- Caddo Nation
- Cherokee Nation
- Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes
- Chickasaw Nation
- Choctaw Nation
- Citizen Potawatomi Nation
- Comanche Nation
- Delaware Nation
- Eastern Shawnee Tribe
- Fort Sill Apache Tribe
- Iowa Tribe of Oklahoma
- Pawnee Nation
- Peoria Tribe of Indians
- Ponca Tribe of Indians
- Shawnee Tribe
- Tonkawa Tribe of Indians
- Wichita and Affiliated Tribes
- Wyandotte Nation
- Burns Paiute Tribe
- Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians
- Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon
- Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians
- Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation
- Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs
- Coquille Indian Tribe
- Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians
- Klamath Tribes
- Narragansett Indian Tribe of Rhode Island
- Catawba Indian Nation
- Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe of the Cheyenne River Reservation
- Crow Creek Sioux Tribe of the Crow Creek Reservation
- Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe of South Dakota
- Lower Brule Sioux Tribe of the Lower Brule Reservation
- Oglala Sioux Tribe of the Pine Ridge Reservation
- Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Indian Reservation
- Yankton Sioux Tribe
- Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians
- Alabama-Coushatta Tribes of Texas
- Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas
- Ysleta Del Sur Pueblo of Texas
- Northwestern Band of Shoshoni Nation of Utah
- Paiute Indian Tribe
- Skull Valley Band of Goshute Indians
- Ute Indian Tribe of the Uintah & Ouray Reservation
- Chickahominy Indian Tribe
- Chickahominy Indian Tribe–Eastern Division
- Monacan Indian Nation
- Nansemond Indian Nation
- Pamunkey Indian Tribe
- Rappahannock Tribe
- Upper Mattaponi Tribe
- Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation
- Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation
- Cowlitz Indian Tribe
- Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe of Washington
- Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation
- Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation
- Quileute Tribe of the Quileute Reservation
- Quinault Indian Nation
- Samish Indian Tribe
- Sauk-Suiattle Indian Tribe
- Stillaguamish Tribe
- Bad River Band of the Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians of the Bad River Reservation
- Forest County Potawatomi Community
- Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin
- Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin
- Oneida Nation
- St. Croix Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin
- Sokaogon Chippewa Community
- Stockbridge Munsee Community
- Arapahoe Tribe of the Wind River Reservation
- Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation
B) Native American Tribes by Region
The Sub Artic
- Pueblo Indians
- Tohono O’odham
The Great Basin
Map of Native America
Before the European colonization, the native Americans used different map for the country.
The prehistoric locations are clearly mentioned in the map of native America shown below.